Research Documents

Population Estimates

Varma, R., Vajaranant, T. S., Burkemper, B., Wu, S., Torres, M., Hsu, C., … & McKean-Cowdin, R. (2016). Visual impairment and blindness in adults in the United States: demographic and geographic variations from 2015 to 2050. JAMA ophthalmology, 134(7), 802-809.

Rein, D. B., Lamuda, P. A., Wittenborn, J. S., Okeke, N., Davidson, C. E., Swenor, B. K., … & Lundeen, E. A. (2021). Vision impairment and blindness prevalence in the United States: variability of vision health responses across multiple national surveys. Ophthalmology, 128(1), 15-27.

Crews, J. E., Lollar, D. J., Kemper, A. R., Lee, L. M., Owsley, C., Zhang, X., … & Saaddine, J. B. (2012). The variability of vision loss assessment in federally sponsored surveys: seeking conceptual clarity and comparability. American journal of ophthalmology, 154(6), S31-S44.

Vision and Chronic Conditions

(Vision is the index impairment and what other conditions go with that)

Crews, J. E., Chou, C. F., Sekar, S., & Saaddine, J. B. (2017). The prevalence of chronic conditions and poor health among people with and without vision impairment, aged≥ 65 years, 2010–2014. American journal of ophthalmology, 182, 18-30.

Crews, J. E., & Campbell, V. A. (2004). Vision impairment and hearing loss among community-dwelling older Americans: implications for health and functioning. American journal of public health, 94(5), 823-829.

Zhang, X., Bullard, K. M., Cotch, M. F., Wilson, M. R., Rovner, B. W., McGwin, G., … & Saaddine, J. B. (2013). Association between depression and functional vision loss in persons 20 years of age or older in the United States, NHANES 2005-2008. JAMA ophthalmology, 131(5), 573-581.

Jones, G. C., Rovner, B. W., Crews, J. E., & Danielson, M. L. (2009). Effects of depressive symptoms on health behavior practices among older adults with vision loss. Rehabilitation Psychology, 54(2), 164.

Crews, J. E., Jones, G. C., & Kim, J. H. (2006). Double jeopardy: the effects of comorbid conditions among older people with vision loss. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 100(1_suppl), 824-848.

Zambelli-Weiner, A., Crews, J. E., & Friedman, D. S. (2012). Disparities in adult vision health in the United States. American journal of ophthalmology, 154(6), S23-S30.

Crews, J. E., Chou, C. F., Stevens, J. A., & Saaddine, J. B. (2016). Falls among persons aged≥ 65 years with and without severe vision impairment—United States, 2014. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 65(17), 433-437.

Crews, J. E., Chou, C. F., Naavaal, S., Griffin, S. O., & Saaddine, J. B. (2020). Self-Reported Oral Health Status Among Adults Aged 40+ Years With and Without Vision Impairment: National Health Interview Study, 2008. American journal of ophthalmology, 210, 184-191.

Zhang, X., Cotch, M. F., Ryskulova, A., Primo, S. A., Nair, P., Chou, C. F., … & Saaddine, J. (2011). Vision health disparities in the United States by race/ethnicity, education, and economic status. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 52(14), 2597-2597.

Vision and Quality of Life

Crews, J. E., Chou, C. F., Zhang, X., Zack, M. M., & Saaddine, J. B. (2014). Health-related quality of life among people aged≥ 65 years with self-reported visual impairment: Findings from the 2006–2010 behavioral risk factor surveillance system. Ophthalmic epidemiology, 21(5), 287-296.

Crews, J. E., Chou, C. F., Zack, M. M., Zhang, X., Bullard, K. M., Morse, A. R., & Saaddine, J. B. (2016). The association of health-related quality of life with severity of visual impairment among people aged 40–64 years: findings from the 2006–2010 behavioral risk factor surveillance system. Ophthalmic epidemiology, 23(3), 145-153.

Vision in Nursing Homes

Monaco, W. A., Crews, J. E., Nguyen, A. T. H., & Arif, A. (2020). Prevalence of Vision Loss and Associations With Age-Related Eye Diseases Among Nursing Home Residents Aged≥ 65 Years. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association.

Measuring Outcomes

Crews, J. E., & Long, R. G. (1997). Conceptual and methodological issues in rehabilitation outcomes for adults who are visually impaired. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 91(2), 117-130.

Long, R. G., Crews, J. E., & Mancil, R. (2000). Creating measures of rehabilitation outcomes for people who are visually impaired: The FIMBA project. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 94(5), 292-306.

Long, R. G., & Crews, J. E. (1994). Functional independence measure for blind adults (FIMBA). Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 30, 298.